One of Karl Loewenstein’s main tasks while working under the U.S. Military Government was to remove Nazi influence from German government and society. This process became known as denazification. As a legal consultant, he assisted in the drafting of denazification laws. Loewenstein’s diary reveals his anxiety regarding the many challenges that he and OMGUS officials faced, such as deciding which Germans should be punished for supporting the Nazis. The documents in this exhibit show Loewenstein’s plans for the denazification and punishment of former Nazis and their supporters.