May 8th, 1945
Official end of the war in Europe
July 17th, 1945
Potsdam Conference Begins
August 2nd, 1945
Potsdam Conference ends, Germany officially divided into four zones of occupation.
Karl Löwenstien arrives in Germany to work as a legal analyst for the US Military Governement.
November 20th, 1945
Military trials of top Nazi officials begin in Nuremberg Trials
Karl Löwenstein leaves OMGUS due to his dissatisfaction with the Legal Sector and the Military Government in general, returns to Amherst College.
October 1st 1946
Nuremburg Trials end
January 1st, 1947
American and British zones of occupation merge to form the Bizone
June 5, 1947
Marshall Plan established, providing aid to Europe.
24 June 1948
Berlin blockade begins after allies fail to resolve currency crisis.
French zone merges with the bizone, forming the Trizone
May 12th, 1949
Berlin blockade ends following the successful Berlin airlift.
Military governors of allied occupation zones replaced by civilian high commissioners.
May 23rd, 1949
Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) founded and replaces the Trizone.
October 7, 1949
German Democratic Republic (GDR) founded and replaces the Soviet zone.
June 25th, 1950
Korean War leads USA to call for the rearmament of West Germany
June 16th 1953
Strike of East Berlin construction workers leads to uprising in East Germany
Karl Löwenstein returns to Germany as an Assistant Professor at the University of Marburg
May 5th, 1955
Allied occupation of West Germany officially ends
May 9th, 1955
FRG joins NATO.
September 20th, 1955
Russian occupation of East Germany officially ends